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Modulation of the G(2) cell cycle checkpoint by sesquiterpene lactones psilostachyins A and C isolated from the common ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia

TitleModulation of the G(2) cell cycle checkpoint by sesquiterpene lactones psilostachyins A and C isolated from the common ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsSturgeon, CM, Craig, K, Brown, C, Rundle, NT, Andersen, RJ, Roberge, M
JournalPlanta Medica
Volume71
Pagination938-943
Date PublishedOct
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0032-0943
KeywordsAmbrosia artemisiffolia, CAFFEINE, CANCER, cell cycle, checkpoint, CHK1, DILACTONE, DNA-DAMAGE CHECKPOINT, G(2) phase, INHIBITION, KINASE, MCF-7 CELLS, mitosis, P53, PROTEIN, UCN-01
Abstract

A phenotypic cell-based assay for inhibitors of the G(2) DNA damage checkpoint was used to screen plant extracts from the US National Cancer Institute Natural Products Repository. It revealed activity in a methanol extract from the common ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia. Assay-guided fractionation led to the identification of the sesquiterpene lactones psilostachyins A and C as novel checkpoint inhibitors. Elimination of their alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group caused a loss of activity, suggesting that the compounds can bind covalently to target proteins through Michael addition. Psilostachyins A and C also blocked cells in mitosis and caused the formation of aberrant microtubule spindles. However, the compounds did not interfere with microtubule polymerization in vitro. The related sesquiterpene lactones psilostachyin 13, paulitin and isopaulitin were also isolated from the same extract but showed no checkpoint inhibition. The identification of the target(s) of psilostachyins A and C may provide further insight into the signalling pathways involved in cell cycle arrest and mitotic progression.

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