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Laser-light-scattering study of internal motions of polymer chains grafted on spherical latex particles

TitleLaser-light-scattering study of internal motions of polymer chains grafted on spherical latex particles
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsYang, C, Kizhakkedathu, JN, Brooks, DE, Jin, F, Wu, C
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume108
Pagination18479-18484
Date PublishedDec
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1520-6106
KeywordsAQUEOUS ATRP, BRUSHES, CONFORMATION, DYNAMICS, GLOBULE TYPE TRANSITIONS, INTERFACE, LAYERS, MODEL, POLY(N-ISOPROPYLACRYLAMIDE), SIMULATION
Abstract

Using atom-transfer radical polymerization, we have prepared core-shell particles by grafting thermally sensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) chains on a spherical polystyrene latex core (with a radius of similar to287 nm) via the "grafting-from" approach. As the temperature increases from 25 degreesC to 35 degreesC, the PNIPAM shell shrinks from a thickness of 625 nm to 110 nm and the chain density near the core increases from 7.3 x 10(-3) g/cm(3) to 7.2 x 10(-2) g/cm(3). Using such core-shell particles, we have, for the first time, been able to study dynamics of long chains anchored on a particle in dilute dispersion by laser-light scattering. Our results showed that, besides the translational diffusion of the particle as a whole, there also exists an additional slow relaxation mode that is only observable at larger scattering vectors (q),which are presumably related to internal motions of the shell. In the fully swollen state, the relaxation rate of the slow motion ((slow)) is insensitive to the observation length (1/q); however, its contribution to the scattering intensity (A(slow)) increases as q increases. In the shrunken state, (slow) slightly decreases as q increases. (slow) can be scaled to the shell thickness ((brush)) as (slow) proportional to (alpha)(brush), with alpha = -2.5 +/- 0.2, which is smaller than the predicated value of 3.

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