|Title||The Initial State of Optically Polarized 8 Li + from the β -NMR in Bismuth|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||MacFarlane, WA, Levy, CDP, Pearson, MR, Buck, T, Chow, KH, Hariwal, AN, Kiefl, RF, McGee, FH, Morris, GD, Wang, D|
|Journal||J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.|
Unlike the positive muon, β -NMR probe nuclei must be actively polarized. At the TRIUMF ISAC facility this is accomplished by in-flight collinear optical pumping with resonant circularly polarized laser light. This reliably produces a high degree of polarization, but the detailed state populations in the beam emerging from the optical polarizer are not well known. These populations are significant as they represent the initial state of the ensemble of probe spins implanted in a β -NMR experiment. Here we use the well-resolved quadrupolar split spectrum of 8 Li + in a high purity single crystal of bismuth to extract the sublevel populations under typical polarizer operating conditions, accounting for the spin relaxation in this semimetal.