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H4octapa: synthesis, solution equilibria and complexes with useful radiopharmaceutical metal ions

TitleH4octapa: synthesis, solution equilibria and complexes with useful radiopharmaceutical metal ions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsM. Jaraquemada-Pelaez, deG, Wang, X, Clough, TJ, Cao, Y, Choudhary, N, Emler, K, Patrick, BO, Orvig, C
JournalDalton Trans.

H4octapa is an extremely versatile acyclic chelator for a wide variety of medicinally relevant metal ions{,} forming complexes of both high thermodynamic and kinetic stability. This work reports a significantly simplified 3 step high yield straightforward synthesis of H4octapa directly from EDDA. Crystals of the octa-protonated form of the ligand [H8octapa]4+ as its tetrachloride salt{,} and of the mixed lanthanum-sodium salt of [La(octapa)]- were isolated and characterized by X-ray diffraction. All eight protonation constants for the ligand were determined through combined potentiometric-spectrophotometric titrations and in batch experiments using UV spectrophotometry and 1H NMR spectroscopy. Synthesis{,} characterisation and solution equilibria studies are presented for complexes [Ln(octapa)]- (Ln = lanthanide element) with Sm(iii){,} Dy(iii){,} and Yb(iii) (each of which have radiopharmaceutical applications). Complex formation equilibria studies provided evidence of Ln(Hoctapa){,} [Ln(octapa)]- and [Ln(octapa)(OH)]2- species in solution{,} and their stability constants were evaluated by pH-potentiometric competition titrations using [ttha]6- as a competing ligand{,} and by UV-vis spectrophotometric measurements. The high stability constants of the [Ln(octapa)]- complexes with Sm(iii){,} Dy(iii){,} and Yb(iii) (log KSmL = 20.10(2){,} log KDyL = 20.14(3) and log KYbL = 19.90(1)) are similar to the published values for other lanthanides and consequently these initial investigations confirm H4octapa as a valuable ligand for Sm(iii){,} Dy(iii){,} Yb(iii) and other Ln for application in diagnostic and therapeutic nuclear medicine.