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Factors affecting primary ionization in dopant-assisted atmospheric pressure photoionization (DA-APPI) for LC/MS

TitleFactors affecting primary ionization in dopant-assisted atmospheric pressure photoionization (DA-APPI) for LC/MS
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsRobb, DB, Blades, MW
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Volume17
Pagination130-138
Date PublishedFeb
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1044-0305
KeywordsDETECTOR, LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, MASS-SPECTROMETRY, PERFORMANCE, PLASMA, SOLVENT FLOW
Abstract

The sensitivity of dopant-assisted atmospheric pressure photoionization (DA-APPI) for LC/MS is generally reduced at higher solvent flow rates. Theory suggests that quenching of excited-state precursors to the dopant ions, via collisions with vaporized solvent molecules, may be one mechanism responsible for this trend. To ascertain if the primary rate of ionization is affected by quenching, experiments were performed utilizing an ionization detector to determine the primary ion current generated by irradiating vaporized mixtures of toluene dopant and methanol solvent. The results indicate that no loss of primary ion current occurs as the solvent flow is increased, provided the dopant-to-solvent ratio is held constant. Additional primary ion current can always be generated by increasing the dopant flow rate and/or the lamp power. Thus, quenching of excited-state precursors to the dopant ions, leading to a reduction in the primary rate of ionization, is not the mechanism responsible for the observed loss of sensitivity at higher liquid solvent flow rates.

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