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A dopant introduction device for atmospheric pressure photoionization with liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry

TitleA dopant introduction device for atmospheric pressure photoionization with liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsMcCulloch, RD, Robb, DB, Blades, MW
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Volume22
Pagination3549-3554
Date PublishedNov
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0951-4198
KeywordsDA-APPI, IONIZATION, LC/MS, MASS-SPECTROMETRY, NONPOLAR COMPOUNDS
Abstract

This technical note describes in detail the fabrication, operation and characterization of a pneumatically driven dopant introduction device, with a solvent reservoir capacity of 300 m L. Dopant flow rates and stability for this device are governed by the simple regulation of gas pressure rather than the progression of a stepper motor and syringe diameter, as is the case for typical infusion pumps. The device has the potential to provide days or even weeks of continuous, uninterrupted dopant flow at rates commonly adopted for atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) experiments without the need to replenish the dopant supply. Although not a refined instrumental design, this device was developed as an alternative cost-effective means of introducing stable dopant flow to an APPI source. The device was designed such that all components would be commercially available and easily procurable from common scientific part vendors. Figures and suggested part numbers are provided to allow those interested to fabricate similar devices to suit their individual experimental needs. Device characterization was performed while monitoring such factors as flow rate calibration, overall flow stability and reproducibility. In addition, a standard mixture of three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons was employed as a model sample for a typical reversed-phase liquid chromatography/ atmospheric pressure photoionization mass spectrometry (LC/APPI-MS) application in order to demonstrate device performance. Copyright (c) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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