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Direct Spectroscopic Evidence for Constituent Heteroatoms Enhancing Charge Recombination at a TiO2-Ruthenium Dye Interface

TitleDirect Spectroscopic Evidence for Constituent Heteroatoms Enhancing Charge Recombination at a TiO2-Ruthenium Dye Interface
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsHu, K, Severin, HA, Koivisto, BD, Robson, KCD, Schott, E, Arratia-Perez, R, Meyer, GJ, Berlinguette, CP
JournalJOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C
Volume118
Pagination17079-17089
Date PublishedJUL 31
ISSN1932-7447
Abstract

A series of three bis(tridentate) cycloruthenated sensitizers with furyl, thiophene, or selenophene units attached to the cyclometalated ligand were designed to examine how chalcogen atoms effect interfacial electron transfer events that occur following the absorption of visible light by the sensitizers when attached to mesoporous titania thin films immersed in CH3CN electrolytes. Spectroelectrochemistry established that the Ru-III/II reduction potentials were confined to the 0.954-0.965 V vs NHE range for the series and that the density of TiO2 acceptor states were sensitizer-independent. Pulsed light excitation into the metal-to-ligand charge transfer band of the sensitized thin films resulted in rapid excited state injection k(inj) > 10(8) s(-1). Charge recombination (Ru-III/TiO2(e(-)) -> Ru-II/TiO2) rate constants were insensitive to the identity of the cyclometalated compound, yet the open circuit photovoltages were markedly lower for the compound containing selenophene. These lower photovoltages appear to be a manifestation of a 4-fold-larger, second-order rate constant measured for the reaction between triiodide and TiO2(e(-)) in the case that the selenophene comprises the donor fragment of the dye. Adduct formation between oxidized iodide(s) and the selenophene moiety of the sensitizer is implicated.

DOI10.1021/jp500879p