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Dimeric rhodium mu-silylene and mu-eta(2)-silyl complexes: Catalytic silicon-silicon bond formation and x-ray structures of [Pr(i)(2)PCH2CH2PPr(i)(2)Rh](2)(mu-SiRR ’)(2) (R = R ’ = Ph and R = Me, R ’ = Ph) and [Pr(i)(2)PCH2CH2PPr(i)(2)Rh(H)](2)(

TitleDimeric rhodium mu-silylene and mu-eta(2)-silyl complexes: Catalytic silicon-silicon bond formation and x-ray structures of [Pr(i)(2)PCH2CH2PPr(i)(2)Rh](2)(mu-SiRR ’)(2) (R = R ’ = Ph and R = Me, R ’ = Ph) and [Pr(i)(2)PCH2CH2PPr(i)(2)Rh(H)](2)(
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsRosenberg, L, Fryzuk, MD, Rettig, SJ
JournalOrganometallics
Volume18
Pagination958-969
Date PublishedMar
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0276-7333
KeywordsBONDS, hydride complexes, HYDROSILYLATION, REACTIVITY, SECONDARY SILANES, SI, TRANSITION-METAL COMPLEXES
Abstract

The stoichiometric and catalytic reactions of secondary silanes with the rhodium hydride bridged dimer [(dippe)Rh](2)(mu-H)(2) (1; dippe = 1,2-bis(diisopropylphosphino)ethane) are described. The reaction of 1 with Ph2SiH2 results in the formation of the bis(mu-silylene) complex [(dippe)Rh](2)(mu-SiPh2)(2) (2a); a similar reaction ensues upon addition of MePhSiH2 or Me(p)TolSiH(2) ((P)Tol =p-tolyl) to 1 except that the bis(silylene) complexes exist as a mixture of cis and trans stereoisomers. Dimethylsilane reacts with 1 to generate the dinuclear complex [(dippe)Rh(H)](2)(mu-eta(2)-SiMe2)(2) (4d). The hydride dimer acts as a catalyst precursor for the dimerization of excess Ph2SiH2 to tetraphenyldisilane (Ph2SiHSiHPh2). A catalytic cycle is proposed that consists of dinuclear intermediates.

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