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Correlation between nuclear spin ratio of cyclic C3H2 and chemical evolution in TMC-1 cores

TitleCorrelation between nuclear spin ratio of cyclic C3H2 and chemical evolution in TMC-1 cores
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsMorisawa, Y, Fushitani, M, Kato, Y, Hoshina, H, Simizu, Z, Watanabe, S, Miyamoto, Y, Kasai, Y, Kawaguchi, K, Momose, T
JournalASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Volume642
Pagination954-965
Date PublishedMAY 10
ISSN0004-637X
Abstract

The ortho-to-para nuclear spin ratio of cyclopropenylidene ( cyclic C3H2) in TMC-1 cores was investigated using the 45 m radio telescope at Nobeyama Radio Observatory. We have observed four ortho lines (J(KaKc) = 2(12) - 1(01), 3(12) - 3(03), 3(21) - 3(12), and 3(30) - 3(21)) and four para lines (J(KaKc) 2(02) - 1(11), 2(11) - 2(02), 2(20) - 2(11), and 3(22) - 3(13)) of cyclic C3H2 in six cores in TMC-1. A statistical equilibrium analysis of the observed intensities revealed apparent correlation between the ortho-to-para ratio of cyclic C3H2 and chemical evolution of the molecular cloud; the ortho-to-para ratio in younger cores is less than 2, while that in older cores is close to the statistical ratio of 3. A simple chemical model calculation indicates that the correlation is ascribed to the conservation of nuclear spin angular momenta in chemical reactions relevant to the production, destruction, and reproduction of cyclic C3H2. Since cyclic C3H2 has been observed in a variety of sources, the ortho-to-para ratio of cyclic C3H2 may be a useful probe of chemical evolution of molecular clouds.

DOI10.1086/501041