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Characterization of mixed alcohol monolayers adsorbed onto a Au(111) electrode using electro-fluorescence microscopy

TitleCharacterization of mixed alcohol monolayers adsorbed onto a Au(111) electrode using electro-fluorescence microscopy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsShepherd, JL, Bizzotto, D
JournalLangmuir
Volume22
Pagination4869-4876
Date PublishedMay
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0743-7463
KeywordsADSORPTION, DYES, GAS SOLUTION INTERFACE, INSOLUBLE SURFACTANT, MEMBRANES, OCTADECANOL, SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS, STATE, VOLTAGE-SENSING
Abstract

A single-crystal Au(1 11) electrode modified with an adsorbed layer of 1-octadecanol (C18OH) or oleyl alcohol (OLA) in pure or mixed composition was characterized using electrochemical and in situ fluorescence microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry and differential capacitance measurements revealed a repeatable, potential-induced adsorption/ desorption process of the surfactant to/from the electrode Surface while charge density and film pressure measurements indicated quasi-ideal mixing of the two adsorbed alcohols. A layer less defective than pure C18OH was created with incorporated OLA. Optical characterization was accomplished Using epi-fluroescence microscopy combined with electrochemistry (electro-fluorescence microscopy) through the incorporation of two fluorescent probes into the adsorbed surfactant layer. Since molecular luminescence is quenched by a nearby metal, fluorescence was only observed when the fluorescent dye/alcohol layers were desorbed and therefore separated from the metal surface. When desorbed, the structure of the alcohol layers were similar in character, revealing aggregated features which did not change in morphology over numerous desorption/re-adsorption cycles. We have also used the electro-fluorescence technique to estimate the distance separating the metal and desorbed surfactant and believe that the molecules are displaced from the electrode surface by a distance not more than 40 nm.

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