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Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry using a flow-through microvial interface for cationic metabolome analysis

TitleCapillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry using a flow-through microvial interface for cationic metabolome analysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLindenburg, PW, Ramautar, R, Jayo, RG, Chen, DDY, Hankemeier, T
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
Volume35
Pagination1308-1314
Date PublishedMAY
ISSN0173-0835
Abstract

The application of CE-MS in the field of metabolomics is underrepresented, even though it is in principle highly suited for the analysis of small charged compounds, as many metabolites are. Moreover, a robust coupling, using the sheath liquid (SL)-assisted interface was already presented more than a decade ago. A lack of concentration sensitivity is often mentioned as a reason for the underrepresentation of CE-MS in metabolomics. This is caused by postcolumn dilution of the sample with SL, which is typically delivered at a flow rate of 1-10 L/min. In this study, we investigated the performance of the flow-through microvial (MV) assisted CE-MS interface for cationic metabolomics. With this interface, only a little liquid is added postcolumn, that is, typically 100-500 nL/min. For the evaluation, we used a metabolite mix comprising 45 important cationic metabolites and compared the sensitivity and LOD of both devices. The performance of the CE-MS system was significantly improved by using the MV-assisted interface; the sensitivity was increased more than three times and the LOD decreased more than five times. Then, we analyzed single zebrafish embryos to demonstrate the method on a volume-limited biological sample. In comparison with SL-assisted CE-MS, twice as many molecular features were found, of which several could be identified. These results demonstrate the good potential of the MV interface for enhancing the coverage of the metabolome.

DOI10.1002/elps.201300357