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Calorimetric studies of the interaction between the insulin-enhancing drug candidate bis(maltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BMOV) and human serum apo-transferrin

TitleCalorimetric studies of the interaction between the insulin-enhancing drug candidate bis(maltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BMOV) and human serum apo-transferrin
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBordbar, AK, Creagh, AL, Mohammadi, F, Haynes, CA, Orvig, C
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume103
Pagination643-647
Date PublishedApr
Type of ArticleProceedings Paper
ISBN Number0162-0134
KeywordsApo-transferrin, BINDING, BIS(MALTOLATO)OXOVANADIUM(IV), CHEMISTRY, COMPLEXES, Insulin-enhancing, iron, MALTOL, MOLYBDENUM, NICKEL, RATS, STABILITY, VANADIUM
Abstract

Bis(maltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BMOV), and its ethylmaltol analog, bis(ethymaltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BEOV), are candidate insulin-enhancing agents for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus; in mid-2008, BEOV advanced to phase 11 clinical testing. The interactions of BMOV and its inorganic congener, vanadyl Sulfate (VOSO4), with human serum apo-transferrin (hTf) were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Addition of BMOV or VOSO4 to apo-hTf resulted in an increase in thermal stability of both the C- and N-lobes of transferrin as a result of binding to either vanadyl compound. A series of DSC thermograms of hTf Solutions containing different molar ratios of BMOV and VOSO4 were used to determine binding constants: at 25 degrees C the binding constants of BMOV to the C- and N-lobes of apo-hTf were found to be 3 (+/- 1) x 10(5) and 1.8 (+/- 0.7) x 10(5) M-1, respectively. The cot-responding values for VOSO4 were 1.7 (+/- 0.3) x 10(5) and 7 (+/- 2) x 10(4) M-1. The results show that the vanadium species initially presented as either BMOV or VOSO4 had similar affinities for human serum transferrin due to oxidation of solvated vanadyl(IV) prior to complexation to transferrin. Binding of metavanadate (VO3-) was confirmed by DSC and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) experiments of the interaction between sodium metavanadate (NaVO3) and hTf. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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