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Applications of on-line weak affinity interactions in free solution capillary electrophoresis

TitleApplications of on-line weak affinity interactions in free solution capillary electrophoresis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsHeegaard, NHH, Nissen, MH, Chen, DDY
JournalElectrophoresis
Volume23
Pagination815-822
Date PublishedMar
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number0173-0835
Keywordsaffinity capillary electrophoresis, ALPHA(1)-ACID, AMYLOID-P COMPONENT, biomolecular interactions, capillary electrophoresis, CHIRAL SEPARATION, CHROMATOGRAPHY, CONSTANTS, ELECTROKINETIC, enantiomer separation, ENANTIOSELECTIVE PROTEIN, FRONTAL ANALYSIS, GLYCOPROTEIN, isotherms, MEASURE BINDING, PARTIAL-FILLING TECHNIQUE, PROTEIN-BINDING, review, separation methods, ZONE-ELECTROPHORESIS
Abstract

The impressive selectivity offered by capillary electrophoresis can in some cases be further increased when ligands or additives that engage in weak affinity interactions with one or more of the separated analytes are added to the electrophoresis buffer. This on-line affinity capillary electrophoresis approach is feasible when the migration of complexed molecules is different from the migration of free molecules and when separation conditions are nondenaturing. In this review, we focus on applying weak interactions as tools to enhance the separation of closely related molecules, e.g., drug enantiomers and on using capillary electrophoresis to characterize such interactions quantitatively. We describe the equations for binding isotherms, illustrate how selectivity can be manipulated by varying the additive concentrations, and show how the methods may be used to estimate binding constants. On-line affinity capillary electrophoresis methods are especially valuable for enantiomeric separations and for functional characterization of the contents of biological samples that are only available in minute quantities.

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