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Activation and functionalization of molecular nitrogen by metal complexes

TitleActivation and functionalization of molecular nitrogen by metal complexes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsFryzuk, MD
JournalChemical Record
Volume3
Pagination2-11
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1527-8999
KeywordsBRIDGING N-2 UNIT, CHEMISTRY, COORDINATED, COORDINATION CHEMISTRY, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, DINITROGEN, DINITROGEN COMPLEXES, END-ON, FIXATION, nitrogen fixation, nitrogenase, REDUCTION, SIDE-ON, transition metal complexes, ZIRCONIUM
Abstract

Molecular nitrogen is intrinsically unreactive, so much so that it has confounded chemists for decades in attempts to functionalize this abundant diatomic molecule. While biological systems and industrial processes can fix nitrogen to form ammonia, the challenge is to discover a process that involves a homogeneous catalyst that can utilize N-2 as a feedstock to generate higher value organonitrogen materials. In this review, the activation of molecular nitrogen by transition metal complexes is reviewed with the view to present new kinds of transformations for coordinated dinitrogen. Moreover, some reaction types that are as yet unknown are outlined to try and stimulate further research in this area. (C) 2003 The Japan Chemical Journal Forum and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

URL<Go to ISI>://000182373700001